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Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
Strategic Alliances for a Secure, Connected, and Prosperous Region

The Invasion-Mass Murder Strategy of Hamas and Hizbullah

Filed under: Hamas, Hizbullah, Operation Swords of Iron

The Invasion-Mass Murder Strategy of Hamas and Hizbullah
Hizbullah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah received Hamas No. 2 Saleh al-Arouri (on the right) and Islamic Jihad leader Ziad Nakhala in Beirut in May 2023. (Lebanon National News Agency)

The Iran-backed Hamas war with Israel in Gaza, now in its third month, continues to dominate international attention. However, there has been a simultaneous lack of strategic understanding that Hamas’ strategy of invasion, massacre, kidnapping, and deception under cover of massive rocket attacks mirrors the Iranian regime’s Hizbullah strategy toward Israel’s north. The only difference is timing and execution. Israeli military planners assess that Hizbullah would have undertaken the same pattern of invasion, mass murder, kidnapping, and rocket attacks that Hamas carried out alone, under Iranian supervision. Hizbullah’s major invasion plan through its hundreds-of-kilometers-long tunnel system near northern Israel – similar to Hamas’ underground terror “Metro” – could have resulted in thousands killed and kidnapped from Israel’s northern communities. Hizbullah’s Radwan forces prepared a similar ground invasion plan to capture Israel’s northern towns and cities, including Kiryat Shmona, Metula, and Nahariya.

Hamas and Hizbullah’s twin plans are no coincidence. Since the 2006 Hizbullah war in against Israel, the Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has been preparing for a far larger, strategic, coordinated invasion that today is far more evident. A massive Hizbullah build-up along Israel’s northern border violated United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701, which required a Hizbullah pullback 20 kilometers north of Israel’s border beyond the Litani River. The resolution intended to create a buffer zone that would have prevented the current stark reality of more than 100,000 Israelis evacuated from their homes in northern Israel. Unfortunately, UNIFIL (United Nations International Forces in Lebanon) failed to enforce the UN’s internationally guaranteed resolution.

Israelis load their belongings onto a bus
Israelis load their belongings onto a bus as they evacuate from the southern Israeli town of Sderot, Sunday, Oct. 15, 2023. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

The 3-H Club

Yet Israel has neglected to treat the Hamas-Hizbullah threat as part of a single integrated IRGC strategic campaign designed by Qassem Soleimani before his assassination in 2020 by an American drone. The campaign includes the Houthi strategic threat on Red Sea shipping and aerial assaults against Israel. The October 2022 gas deal Israel signed opposite Hizbullah-dominated Lebanon is a case in point. Negotiated by former Prime Minister Yair Lapid, it was part of a misconception that led Israel to believe that Lebanon under Hizbullah had become more concerned with its international legitimacy and energy supply than fueling terror against Israel.

Lapid depicted the gas agreement as a guarantor of Israel’s regional and international security, saying, “It is not every day that an enemy state recognizes the State of Israel, in a written agreement, in view of the entire international community….It’s not every day that the United States and France stand behind us and provide security and economic guarantees for the agreement.” Yet Israel’s willful blindness was apparent: Lebanon’s then-President Aoun emphasized that the agreement “has no political dimensions or impacts that contradict Lebanon’s foreign policy.”

Israel committed similar conceptual mistakes since the signing of the failed and strategically catastrophic Oslo Peace Accords between 1993 and 2004. Israel thought the PLO had become a more moderate diplomatic player, similar to its perception of Lebanon. However, Israel came to learn that the PLO-Palestinian Authority had financed, incited, and incentivized terror against Israelis, providing between 35 and 50 percent of the PA’s annual budget to Hamas-controlled Gaza.

The Iranian regime also diverted Israel’s focus from Hamas in Gaza to terrorist activities in Judea and Samaria through terrorist actions by Iranian-backed groups such as the Lion’s Den, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and Hamas in PA-controlled Nablus, Tulkarm, and Jenin. At the same time, Iran’s “hidden hand” prepared its proxies in meetings in Beirut and Tehran to attack Israel from the north and the south.

Lt.-Col. (res.) Sarit Zehavi, founder and president of the Alma Research and Education Center, in a strategic discussion in the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs’ War Room Diplomacy webinar, noted that more than 100,000 Israelis have been displaced from Israel’s northern cities and towns. That fact only partially reflects fears that Hizbullah is still planning to execute an operation similar to Hamas’ “al Aqsa Flood,” which included the torture and mass murder of 1,300 Israelis, kidnapping of 240 Israelis, and evacuation of civilian populations on October 7, 2023, in southern Israel.

The Iranian regime’s proxy strategy, utilizing Hizbullah, Hamas, and the Houthis, intends to put Israel in a no-win position of all-out multi-front war while benefitting from the West’s mistaken conviction that the Palestinian-Israeli conflict drives the Middle East’s regional instability.

The reality is different: The Iranian regime’s deception and disinformation, detailed in Dr. Harold Rhode’s book, Modern Islamic Warfare, encourage Western misunderstanding of the nature of Iran’s intentions of achieving regional supremacy under a nuclear umbrella. The Iranian regime knows that its radical Shiite eschatology remains an anomaly to the Western mind, thereby overlooked in its political, cultural, and strategic conceptualization of its Middle East policy.

For the West, it is much more comfortable to seek a territorial compromise with the Fatah-dominated Palestinian Authority leadership in Ramallah, which the Biden administration now insists should return to govern Gaza, despite Hamas’ violent overthrow of Fatah in 2007. Yet the PA finds itself competing with Hamas’ Islamic extremism to retain the PLO’s revolutionary status, while the West Bank Arab population views the PA as corrupt and weak, with over 75 percent of the population now supporting Hamas, according to recent polls.

The American-led Western alliance’s misunderstanding of the sources of regional terror and subversion has undermined Israel’s position and legitimacy. As early as 2000, PLO leader Yasir Arafat said that the Palestinian Authority would adopt the “Hizbullah strategy.”

The mistaken Oslo paradigm adopted by Israel and the West lent the PA and Hamas diplomatic legitimacy, while Israel’s territorial retreat from Judea, Samaria and Gaza led to countless acts of terror, including rocket fire, tunnel terror, and other direct actions, and has culminated in the atrocities of October 7, 2023. More than 220,000 Israelis are now refugees in northern and southern Israel. Yet, ironically, in the Western discourse, Hamas’ atrocities have put it on par with Fatah’s “freedom fighting” and raised its relevance and legitimacy in some circles in the West to that of the Palestinian Authority.

The Iranian regime’s messianic determination to eliminate Israel as the “Little Satan,” as part of its decades-long plan to destroy the United States, the “Big Satan,” can only be defeated by eliminating the source of the threats, whose hidden hand continues to challenge Israel’s existence and the stability of the entire region. Military victory against Hamas and Hizbullah, and even the Iran regime, is insufficient. Israel must change its communication strategy to increase regional and international awareness of the dangers the Iranian axis of radical Islamic terror – in the media and on the diplomatic and human rights battlefields.