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Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
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The Golden Gate: A New Focus of Tension on the Temple Mount

Filed under: Jerusalem, Palestinians

The Golden Gate: A New Focus of Tension on the Temple Mount
The entrance to the Golden Gate and the broken fences. (Arab press)

The new Muslim Waqf council on the Temple Mount intends to revamp the Golden Gate or Gate of Mercy [Shaar HaRachmim, in Hebrew, Bab el Rahma, in Arabic] and use it as a place of prayer.

This is a flagrant violation of the status quo and is an apparent provocation as part of the Jordanian-Palestinian plan to torpedo Trump’s “deal of the century.”

The new Islamic Waqf Council on the Temple Mount, headed by Sheikh Abdul Azim Salhab is striving to change the status quo on the Temple Mount. The Council was recently expanded to include officials from the Palestinian Authority and Fatah movement, Fatah officials say that the battle against Israel on the Temple Mount will escalate toward the expected publication of President Trump’s “deal of the century” plan.

On February 19, 2019, Sheikh Salhab told Palestinian Ma’an News Agency of the council’s intention to renovate the Golden Gate structure within the Temple Mount plaza and reopen it as a place of prayer for Muslims, as well as Waqf offices.

This place should not remain neglected; we do not recognize the occupation’s decisions in connection with it. The Gate of Mercy is part of Al-Aqsa, and the mosque is a red line. No Muslim can relinquish even a grain of its sand.

Several members of the new Salhab-led Waqf council paid a visit to the Gate of Mercy structure on the Temple Mount in mid-February 2019 following clashes between Palestinians and the Israel police on the site. The police sent in a large force that arrested seven rioters and blocked entry to the Temple Mount.

The rioting stemmed from the Muslim Waqf’s attempt to change the status quo of the Gate of Mercy compound on the Temple Mount by having Muslim worshipers pray in the compound. In response, the police installed steel gates with locks and closed the entrance to the site.

Sheikh Wasaf al-Bakri, of the Jordanian Ministry of Religious Endowments, stated on the Donia Al-Watan website on February 19, 2019, that following talks between the Jordanian government and the Israeli authorities the previous night, it was decided to reinstate the status quo on the site.

On February 20, 2019, the Israeli police removed the gates and locks it had put in place and released the rioters arrested the day before.

In the morning, Waqf officials arrived on site and placed new gates at the entrance to the Gate of Mercy compound.

The Golden Gate is part of the eastern wall of the Temple Mount. It consists of two bricked-up openings. The Gate of Mercy is the sole gate within the wall directly leading to the Temple Mount.

The Golden Gate
The Golden Gate viewed from within the Temple Plaza (circa 1856, Library of Congress,

The Gate compound consists today of an Islamic study room, the entrance to which is only possible from the Temple Mount. The Gate and its adjacent compound have been closed since 2003 by court order. Following the metal detector crisis on the Temple Mount in 2017, the closure of the site was extended until further notice.

Interior chamber of the Golden Gate
Interior chamber of the Golden Gate. (circa 1900, Library of Congress,

Palestinian propaganda claims that Israel wants to build a synagogue in the Golden Gate compound.

The Waqf’s Malevolent Intention

In its editorial from February 20, 2019, the Jerusalem-based al-Quds newspaper claimed that putting up gates by the police at the entrance to the Gate of Mercy constitutes a step in Israel’s plan to divide the Al-Aqsa Mosque between Muslims and Jews in terms of place and prayer times.

“Ever since Trump declared Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Israel has been racing to Judaize Jerusalem and divide the Al-Aqsa Mosque on the way to its removal and the establishment of the Temple in its place…,” the article claims.

The announcement by the new head of the Islamic Waqf Council of the intention to rebuild the Gate of Mercy compound and repurpose it into a prayer site is a provocation aimed at violating the status quo and renewing the struggle for Temple Mount control toward the publication of Trump’s “deal of the century.”

The Jordanian government recently approved the expansion of the Islamic Waqf Council from 11 to 18 members and for the first time allowed the Palestinian Authority to have a foothold in the council.

The council includes senior members of the Palestinian Authority and Fatah, particularly Adnan al-Husseini, PA minister for Jerusalem affairs.

Jordan and the Palestinian Authority are cooperating in accordance with the understanding between King Abdullah and PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas on the subject of the Temple Mount to thwart Trump’s “deal of the century” program.