December 9, 2001
In the aftermath of the December 1-the Palestinian Authority "an entity that supports terrorism." This determination, even if only declarato2 Hamas bombings in Jerusalem and Haifa that left 27 Israeli civilians dead and 175 wounded, the Israeli government designated ry, closed a chapter in Israeli-Palestinian relations.
October 18, 2001
September 2, 2001 | Dr. Robert O. Freedman
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its main successor state, Russia, emerged in a greatly weakened geopolitical position. Complicating Russia's problems was a politically weak and often physically sick President Boris Yeltsin. Concerned about its "soft underbelly" in Transcaucasia and Central Asia, regions that were threatened by radical Islam, Moscow focused its Middle East efforts on Turkey and Iran, both of which had a considerable amount of influence in the two regions.
September 1, 2000 | Richard Butler
September 1, 1997 | Mordechai Abir
February 2, 1992 | Dr. Boaz Ganor