Turkey Embraces Hamas
Dr. Robert O. Freedman
Publications by Dr. Robert O. Freedman
Vladimir Putin inherited a strong Russian-Iranian relationship from his predecessor Boris Yeltsin. Russia under Yeltsin made major arms agreements with Iran, selling Tehran jet planes, tanks, and submarines, and also began building a nuclear reactor for Iran at Bushehr. The two countries also cooperated on regional issues such as Tajikistan and Afghanistan.
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After initially seeking a “hands-off” policy toward the Arab-Israeli conflict, in part because of Clinton’s failures in that area, the George W. Bush administration has pursued an activist policy on four different occasions – only to see its policy initiatives fail, primarily because of outbreaks of Palestinian terrorism. Read More »
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its main successor state, Russia, emerged in a greatly weakened geopolitical position. Complicating Russia’s problems was a politically weak and often physically sick President Boris Yeltsin. Concerned about its "soft underbelly" in Transcaucasia and Central Asia, regions that were threatened by radical Islam, Moscow focused its Middle East efforts on Turkey and Iran, both of which had a considerable amount of influence in the two regions. Read More »
During U.S. President Bill Clinton’s second term in office, the U.S. "dual containment" policy toward Iran and Iraq, which he inherited from the Bush administration and then intensified during his first term, had come close to collapse. Read More »
In early July 1997, Chaim Musicant, Director of the Conseil Representif des Institutions Juives de France (CRIF), France’s most important Jewish organization, told this writer with a combination of anger and astonishment: "It is incredible that fifty years after World War II, a racist party has arisen in France that was able to capture 15 percent of the vote in the May 1997 legislative elections."
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