Libya

Libya: In-Depth Reports

The Libyan Quagmire

The civil war in Libya could drag in African, Arab and Western nations. Read More »

What Might Be Expected in Monitoring Syria: Lessons from Past Middle East Weapons Inspections

Past attempts to control the weapons of mass destruction (WMD) of rogue regimes in the Middle East have faced problems. Read More »

Benghazi’s Meaning for Israel and the Mideast

Clearly what happened in Libya did not stay a local phenomenon but radiated out to the entire region and beyond. Read More »

A Second Afghanistan in Mali?

In March 2012 Mali collapsed into chaos after soldiers toppled the president, with Tuareg rebels taking control of two-thirds of the country. Read More »

Michael Widlanski on the Strong Horse: Power, Politics, and the Clash of Arab Civilizations by Lee Smith

Jewish Political Studies Review 23:1-2 (Spring 2011) What is the key to understanding the Middle East? Sometimes a perceptive outsider can grasp the political culture of a state or a region better than a native observer or an academic. Lee […] Read More »

Saudi Wahhabism Expands into Libya

The tension between the traditional Sufis and the Salafis has become a key divide in Libyan politics. Read More »

Is Libya Disintegrating as a State?

Libyan national army have stepped up their presence in Tripoli, urging regional militias to join their forces. Read More »

Did the Libyan Leadership Deceive the West?

The political debate in Libya will be within an essentially Islamist universe, with different leaders distinguished by the degree to which they seek to implement their Islamism. It seems that the strategy of the democratic states that trusted the promises of the rebel forces to adopt and implement the principles of democracy has collapsed, and that Western aid to overthrow Gaddafi’s tyrannical regime prepared the groundwork for the establishment of an Islamic state, which eventually may become hostile to the West. Read More »

The Islamist Factor in Post-Gaddafi Libya: Will Libya Become “Libyastan”?

The U.S. and the West’s military intervention in Libya finally succeeded in toppling Gaddafi’s 42- year reign in Libya and brought to power an amorphous body called the NTC (National Transitional Council) headed by Mostafa Abdel Jalil, headed by a […] Read More »

The Expulsion of the Jews from Muslim Countries, 1920-1970: A History of Ongoing Cruelty and Discrimination

Between 1920 and 1970, 900,000 Jews were expelled from Arab and other Muslim countries. The 1940s were a turning point in this tragedy; of those expelled, 600,000 settled in the new state of Israel, and 300,000 in France and the United States. Today, they and their descendents form the majority of the French Jewish community and a large part of Israel’s population. Read More »

Instability in the Gulf and the Threat to Oil Stability

The major increase in strategic oil reserves in the consuming countries could prevent the renewed use of oil as a weapon, as was the case during the Arab oil embargo of 1973. In addition, most of the Middle East’s oil today flows eastward to Japan, Korea, and China, countries that are less likely to be prime targets in a dispute with Middle Eastern countries. Read More »

After Ghadafi’s Declaration: The Impact of Changes in Libyan and Iranian WMD Policies on Israel and the Region

The Libyan declaration that it was ending its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction, dismantling existing capabilities and facilities, and opening up its territory for inspection marks an important step in reducing threats and instability in the region. As in the case of the recent Iranian declaration that it has accepted the conditions of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the main test lies in the implementation of the Libyan pledge of transparency, both immediately and in the long term. Read More »

Beyond Iraq: Missile Proliferation in the Middle East

Beyond the Iraqi missile threat to Israel in the 1990s, missile threats to Israel have emerged from Iran, Lebanon, Syria, and Libya. Yet many of the New Middle East missile powers are determined to project their power toward Europe. Missile suppliers in the Middle East include North Korea, China, and Russian and Indian companies. Read More »

Jewish Defense in Libya

During the late medieval and modern periods, the Jews of Libya had often felt the need for protection, which they did not trust the state authorities to provide. Consequently, the Jews developed strategies to defend themselves independently or in collaboration with local chiefs, who strove to keep independent of the authorities. Jewish defense was based on individuals and special organizations that were not part of the official communal leadership, which was responsible for internal religious se Read More »

Israel Looks Over the Horizon: Responding to the Threats of Weapons Proliferation

The wave of Palestinian violence and terrorism that began at the end of September 2000 led to a widespread tendency to focus exclusively on Israeli-Palestinian political and security relationships. This narrow concentration of attention is potentially misleading and obscures the fundamental security threats that Israel is facing at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Read More »