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Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs

Israeli Security, Regional Diplomacy, and International Law


Homeland Security Portal

Homeland Security Portal

Israeli Strategy and Security

The National Security Aspect of Fighting Terror – The Israeli Experience

Brig.-Gen. (res.) Yossi Kuperwasser,  2017

Israel’s long experience of fighting terror has led to an understanding that terror is a strategy that presents a significant threat to Israel’s national security, even if most of the time it appears as a low-intensity action with limited damage and impact. This understanding was adopted gradually, after a long period of time, during which Israel acted against the threat as if it were a strategic threat but tried to convince itself that it was not. For many years, especially as long as the conventional military threat from Arab armies loomed over its survival, Israel referred to terror as a lesser menace and used the euphemistic term “current security threat” to conceptualize it. Read More »


Cyber Terror and Security

Brig.-Gen. (res.) Yossi Kuperwasser,  2017

The challenge of dealing with the terror threats on the Internet is becoming more complicated, as the quantity of data grows exponentially and as the terrorists make effective use of the cyber dimension for a wide variety of purposes. They take advantage of the Internet’s wide reach, its complexity, the ability to use it without being identified, the emphasis by its mega-corporate operators on protecting privacy and free speech, its reliability, and its commitment to facilitate secrecy so that secured communications will be guaranteed for everybody. Read More »


The Curious State Department Announcement on Israeli Settlements

Amb. Alan Baker,  August 2, 2016

A brief review of recent State Department statements would indicate that the State Department appears to be utterly and disproportionately fixated with Israel’s settlements, to the exclusion of any other issue that could be bothering the world’s largest and only super-power. Read More »


The Post-Brexit Future of European-Israeli Relations

Amb. Freddy Eytan,  July 3, 2016

Britain’s exit, or Brexit, from the European Union is first and foremost a severe British domestic problem that its leaders alone must solve with diligence and as soon as possible. However, Europe as a whole is slowly regaining its composure, and it looks unlikely to change its Middle East policies as a result. Israel must prepare itself accordingly. Read More »


After the Israel-Turkey Agreement, Turkey and Hamas Will Still Collaborate

Yoni Ben Menachem,  June 27, 2016

Turkey’s actions during the reconciliation negotiations with Israel showed its continued good relations with Hamas as well as its continued snubbing of the Palestinian Authority. Read More »


The Internal Palestinian Fight for Jerusalem

Pinhas Inbari,  April 14, 2016

East Jerusalem, despite being linked with both Israel and the West Bank, has developed an independent political system. The main public activity in East Jerusalem occurs at the plaza of the mosques on the Temple Mount where the Islamic movements are the dynamic political forces. Both regional powers and Islamic movements vie for control of the plaza and the city’s Arab population. Read More »


The Two States in the West Bank and Gaza Annul the Two-State Solution

Lt. Col. (ret.) Jonathan D. Halevi,  March 8, 2016

In the face of increased Palestinian pressure at the UN Security Council and other diplomatic arenas, Israel is being increasingly pressured to acquiesce to a hastily implemented Two-State Solution. However, this has become increasingly problematic, with the existence of two Palestinian states making these diplomatic drives irrelevant. Read More »


The Delusion of Separation from the Palestinians

Brig.-Gen. (res.) Yossi Kuperwasser,  March 2, 2016

The Israeli center-left is slowly sobering-up from the dream of a Palestinian partner. Although many of its leaders and thinkers have already recognized the fact that there is no partner for real peace, they continue to blame Israel for the dead-end the diplomatic process has reached. Read More »


Have the Palestinians Renounced the Peace Process?

Amb. Alan Baker,  February 18, 2016

The Palestinian Foreign Minister, Riyad Malki, recently stated that the Palestinians “will never go back and sit again in direct Israeli-Palestinian negotiations.” Many would brush aside such a statement as another example of routine Palestinian bravado and propaganda. In fact, Malki’s announcement must be taken with the utmost seriousness. Read More »


France’s Ultimatum to Israel – Legally Flawed and Politically Imprudent

Amb. Alan Baker,  February 2, 2016

This ultimatum undermines the Oslo accords (which it witnessed) and jumps to conclusions on issues which must be settled through negotiation. Read More »


Fatah, with Mahmoud Abbas at the Helm, Confirms the Confrontation Strategy toward Israel

Lt. Col. (ret.) Jonathan D. Halevi,  December 8, 2015

The Fatah Central Committee gave its backing to a strategy that combines the terror intifada with diplomatic and legal moves in the international arena aimed at achieving recognition of the state of Palestine as well as an Israeli withdrawal to the 1967 borders with no political quid pro quo from the Palestinians. Read More »


Outlawing the Northern Branch of the Islamic Movement in Israel

Amb. Alan Baker,  November 23, 2015

On November 17, 2015, Israel’s security cabinet resolved to declare the northern branch of the Islamic Movement in Israel as an illegal organization. This means that any entity or person belonging to this organization henceforth, as well as any person or group providing financial and other services, or acting on its behalf, will be committing a criminal offense and subject to imprisonment of up to 10 years. It will also be possible to seize all property belonging to the organization. Read More »


Do the Palestinians Want Two States?

Brig.-Gen. (res.) Yossi Kuperwasser,  November 9, 2015

The former head of Palestinian General Intelligence, Tawfik Tirawi, a member of Fatah's Central Committee, told an interviewer on the PA's official TV channel that the Palestinians have waged an ongoing struggle to liberate their land ever since the Balfour Declaration, 98 years ago. This is the context in which to regard the current wave of terror attacks. Just as many Zionists now recognize the Palestinian people's right to a nation-state in its land in the framework of the permanent settlement, so long as it does not constitute a threat to Israel's security, so must the Palestinians be required to recognize the Jewish people's right to a (democratic) nation-state in the land of its forefathers. The only possible solution is that of two states for two peoples with mutual recognition. The idea has not died; it simply has not yet been born because the Palestinians, and the Europeans who support them, refuse to allow its birth. Read More »



Nadav Shragai,  2015

This book, which deals with the future of Jerusalem, was first published seven years ago with the title The Dangers of Division. After a wave of extreme Palestinian violence that centered on Jerusalem, it was rewritten in 2015, considerably expanded, and updated with data, facts, analyses, and conclusions. Read More »


The Disintegration of Syria and Its Impact on Israel

Brig.-Gen. (res.) Yossi Kuperwasser,  August 31, 2015

Syria's fragmentation into separate, battling enclaves is intensifying. The two main enclaves are "central Syria," controlled by the Assad regime, and the Islamic State. The nuclear deal between Iran and the world powers has boosted Iran's capacity to support the Assad regime. Iran and Hizbullah's attempts to create a base for terror activity against Israel from the northern Golan Heights continue, relying on released terrorist Samir Kuntar and Druze elements. Read More »


The Nuclear Deal: No Pause in Iran's Vow to Destroy Israel

Lt. Col. (ret.) Michael Segall,  August 16, 2015

Members of the Iranian Army high command (as opposed to the Revolutionary Guards) have even declared their willingness and capability to destroy Israel, once the leader’s order is given. Practically speaking, the regime’s intelligence and international subversion agencies, mostly the Revolutionary Guards Quds Force, massively support anti-Israel terror groups and stage repeated conferences in Iran dedicated to denial of the Holocaust and to the deligitimization of Israel’s right to exist. Read More »


Israel’s Critical Requirements for Defensible Borders:
The Foundation for a Secure Peace


Outline of basic principles of a defense policy for Israel based on defensible borders. Read More »


After the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Is Hamas in Gaza Next in Line?

Col. (ret.) Dr. Jacques Neriah,  October 1, 2013

With the fall of the Muslim Brotherhood, Egyptian security forces take aim at the Palestinian offshoot of the Brotherhood, Hamas. A U.S.-designated foreign terrorist organization, Hamas has recently lost many of its regional allies. With their supply routes in danger, Hamas leaders are scrambling for ways to stay alive. Read More »


The Fundamentals of Israel's Strategic Environment

Amb. Dore Gold,  August 22, 2013

There is a view that developments since the advent of the Arab Spring have completely altered the way Israel should look at its national security needs for many decades to come. However, while many of the essential facts of Israeli security remain the same, the changes in neighboring and hostile regimes, such as power vacuums being filled by terrorist organizations and additional weaponry being smuggled into conflict zones, result in a need for re-evaluation of Israeli strategy. Read More »


Egypt after Morsi: The Defeat of Political Islam?

Col. (ret.) Dr. Jacques Neriah,  July 12, 2013

The Muslim Brotherhood’s 80-year dream to take over Egypt ended in a fiasco, barely one year after one of its own was democratically elected to the office of President of Egypt. The Brotherhood’s loss sends a message that political Islam can be subdued by moderate and liberal forces, providing hope to those struggling against Jihadist and MB-associated groups. The new regime in Egypt allows Israel maintain the status quo with regards to the Egyptian/Israeli Peace Treaty. Read More »


Strategic Shifts in the Middle East

Dr. Yuval Steinitz,  July 1, 2013

Various regional and strategic issues represent threats and concerns to the State of Israel, including peace negotiations with the Palestinian Authority, Israeli policy towards Syria, and Israeli opinion regarding the threat of a nuclear Iran. Read More »


Iran Fears Growing Israel-Azerbaijan Cooperation

Lt. Col. (ret.) Michael Segall,  May 17, 2013

Through a mutual distrust of Iranian intentions, Israel and Azerbaijan have enjoyed a closer relationship. Iran is concerned by this tightening of Israeli/Azerbaijani relations, as Azerbaijan could be used for a potential strike against Iran’s nuclear sites. Iran has also sponsored a great number of terrorist cells in Azerbaijan, including factions of Lebanese Hizbullah, and has been accused of attempting to sway Azerbaijan’s political structure. Read More »


What Israel Has Learned about Security:
Nine IDF Officers Discuss Israel’s Security Challenges

November 1, 2012

Topics covered in this volume include Israel’s experience in counterinsurgency warfare, the effectiveness of security barriers, predicting the rise of Hamas, lessons of the Second Lebanon War of 2006, and the possibility of security arrangements for Israel in the Golan Heights. Read More »


Israel’s Right to Self-Defense: International Law and Gaza

November 1, 2012

This volume provides a review of Israel’s unprecedented and careful consideration of questions of international law when forced to go to war to defend its civilian population from attack, with a particular focus on the Gaza war of 2008-2009. The broad questions discussed include the law of armed conflict, proportionality, asymmetric conflicts, self-defense, accountability, and “lawfare.” Read More »


Turkey, the Global Muslim Brotherhood, and the Gaza Flotilla

Steven G. Merley,  November 30, 2011

This report resents the results of an investigation into the role played by the Global Muslim Brotherhood and its Turkish allies in the May 2010 Gaza Flotilla which involved a violent altercation between passengers on one of the ships and Israeli naval forces. Read More »


Winning Counterinsurgency War: The Israeli Experience

Maj.-Gen. (res.) Yaakov Amidror,  August 23, 2010

Contrary to popular belief, conventional armies can indeed defeat terrorist insurgencies. This study will detail the six basic conditions which, if met, enable an army to fight and win the war against terrorism, among which are control of the ground where the insurgency is being waged, acquiring relevant intelligence for operations against the terrorists themselves, and isolating the insurgency from crossborder reinforcement with manpower or material. Read More »


Defensible Borders on the Golan Heights

Maj.-Gen. (res.) Giora Eiland,  August 27, 2009

Addresses Israel’s Security Strategy with regards to the Golan Heights area, particularly in light of the threat from Hizbullah and war with Syria Read More »


Homeland Security Articles from Daily Alert

Airport Security

Israeli Expert Questions New Airport Security Rules (March 23, 2017)
Belgium Takes Tips from Israel on Airport Security (November 23, 2016)
After Brussels Attack, World Looks to Israel as Model for Airport Security (March 23, 2016)
Sniffer Mice Are Being Trained in Israel to Detect Explosives at Airports (June 19, 2015)

Social Media Investigation

How Israel Spots Lone-Wolf Attackers (June 9, 2017)
Israeli Monitoring of Social Media Thwarts Terror Attacks by 2200 Palestinians (April 19, 2017)
Israeli Soldiers Scour Social Media to Stop Violence (March 10, 2017)
EU Eyes Israeli Technologies for Spotting Militants (July 20, 2016)
Israel is Using Social Media to Prevent Terrorist Attacks (April 21, 2016)

Civilian Self-Defense

Civilian Self-Defense is Esential to Combat Modern Terrorism (June 14, 2017)

Terrorism Prevention

Israel Speeds Up Camera Placements in West Bank in Effort to Deter Terrorism (June 18, 2017)
Israel Capitalizes on Expertise in Counter-Terrorism (June 7, 2017)
Netanyahu: Israel Taking Steps to Deal with Terrorists (January 10, 2017)
How to Prevent the Next “Lone Wolf” Terror Attack (August 9, 2016)
What the World Can Learn from Israel after July’s Wave of Deadly Attacks (August 4, 2016)
Israel’s Counterterrorism Lessons For Europe (July 19, 2016)
Can an Orlando-Style Attack Happen in Israel? (June 17, 2016)
Police Tactics, Intelligence-Sharing Tip Scales in Jerusalem’s War on Terror (March 31, 2016)


Israeli “Eye in the Sky” Drone Can Watch 80 Sq. Km. in Real Time (June 16, 2017)
Israeli Biometric Startup Sees Surge in Demand as Security Woes Weigh (July 28, 2016)
IDF to Defend Against Cyber Attacks on Vital Infrastructure (February 18, 2016)

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