October 27, 1993 | Diana Ayton Shenker
This article examines the political dynamics of the contemporary Spanish Jewish community. First, the community's history, foundation, settlement and early development are introduced. Then itsorganizational structure and function are addressed in the countrywide, local (particularly Madrid and Barcelona), and international (relations with Israel) arenas. The community's legal status is explored next. The community's character emerges through an analysis of leadership dynamics; Jewish identity, as similation, and integration; antisemitism and philosemitism. The study concludes with a look at current trends and directions.
October 27, 1993 | Menachem Elon
Spanish Jewry's contribution to post-Talmudie halakhic literature may be explored in part in The Digest of the Responsa Literature of Spain and North Africa, a seven-volume compilation containing references to more than 10,000 Responsa ? answers to questions posed to the authorities of the day. Another source of law stemming from Spanish Jewry may be found in the community legislation (Takanot HaKahal) enacted in all areas of civil, public-administrative, and criminal law. Among the major questions considered here are whether a majority decision binds a dissenting minority, the nature of a majority, and the appropriate procedures for governance. These earlier principles of Jewish public law have since found expression in decisions of the Supreme Court of the State.
March 1, 1993